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Understanding deactivation processes during bio-syngas methanation: DRIFTS and SSITKA experiments and kinetic modeling over Ni/Al2O3 catalysts

by Davide LoritoHaoguang LiArnaud TravertFrançoise MaugéFrédéric C. MeunierYves SchuurmanClaude Mirodatos

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2017.06.041

Highlights

  • Combined DRIFTS and SSITKA analyses boost methanation mechanism understanding.
  • Original methanation kinetic modeling is based on physically meaningful parameters.
  • Coke deposition, Ni sintering and bio-syngas poisons combine as deactivating agents.
  • Kinetic modeling as a guideline for further development of bio-syngas methanation.

Abstract

A combined operando DRIFT and SSITKA study of the methanation reaction over Ni/alumina catalysts is proposed in the absence and in the presence of various poisons representative of bio-mass gasification into syngas. In a detailed kinetic model derived from the direct inventory of the reacting surface, the rate of hydrogenation is shown to be controlled by the probability for a dihydrogen molecule to collide with an active site constituting two adjacent Ni atoms free from adsorbed CO, and free from adsorbed poisons. From this analysis, N-containing poisons (ammonia, acetonitrile) exhibit a rather mild poisoning effect, while Cl-containing molecules such as trichloroethylene are strongly but reversibly decreasing the methanation activity. No specific effects were observed for tar-like representatives such as toluene or other aromatic molecules.

Keywords

DRIFTS, SSITKA, Methanation, Bio-syngas kinetic modeling, Acetonitrile, Trichloroethylene, Catalyst deactivation

Source : Understanding deactivation processes during bio-syngas methanation: DRIFTS and SSITKA experiments and kinetic modeling over Ni/Al2O3 catalysts – ScienceDirect

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